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Virtues of Optimizer EVOP { For Device and System Designers}

Virtues of Optimizer EVOP   Document Name :
Virtues of Optimizer EVOP
For Device and System Designers
Document Type
:
Portable Document Format( PDF)
Size :
Approximately 187.2 kb, 6 Pages

  Author :
Sayeed N Ghani
PhD (University of London)
DIC (Imperial College)
CEng (UK), MIEE (UK)
Six Sigma Green Belt Certified (USA)


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Description
: This explains what EVOP is all about, its fields of deployment and how to benefit from it. EVOP is the ‘silver bullet’ that has succeeded in slaying the ‘dragon’ of dimensionality in multiple minima bound objective functions. Nothing comparable is available to date.



Cost Optimum Design of Post-Tensioned I-Girder Bridge Using Global Optimization Algorithm


Virtues of Optimizer EVOP   Document Name :
Cost Optimum Design of Post-Tensioned I-Girder Bridge Using Global Optimization Algorithm
Document Type
:
Portable Document Format( PDF)
Size :
Approximately 2.5 MB, 32 Pages


  Author :

Dr. Raquib Ahsan
Professor, Department of Civil Engineering, Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology (BUET), Dhaka-1000, Bangladesh.

Email: raquibahsan@ce.buet.ac.bd

Shohel Rana
Lecturer, Department of Civil Engineering, , Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology (BUET), Dhaka-1000, Bangladesh.

Email: shohel@ce.buet.ac.bd

Sayeed Nurul Ghani
Principal Engineer/Consultant, Optimum System Designers, 2387 E Skipping Rock Way, Tucson, Arizona - 85737, USA

Email: ghanisn@yahoo.com


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Description : This paper presents an optimization approach to the design of simply supported, post-tensioned, prestressed concrete I-girder bridges. The objective is to minimize the total cost of the structure considering cost of materials, fabrication and installation. For a particular girder span and bridge width, the design variables considered for cost minimization of the bridge system are girder spacing, various cross sectional dimensions of the girder, number of strands per tendon, number of tendons, tendon layout and configuration, slab thickness, slab rebar and shear rebar for the girder. Explicit constraints on the design variables are developed on the basis of geometric requirements, practical conditions for construction and code restrictions. Implicit constraints for design are formulated as per American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO) Standard Specifications. The optimization problem is characterized by having a combination of continuous, discrete and integer sets of design variables and multiple local minima. An optimization algorithm, EVOP (Evolutionary Operation) is used, that is capable of locating directly with high probability the global minimum without requiring information on gradient or sub-gradient of the objective function. The present optimization approach is used for a real life bridge project leading to a feasible and acceptable design resulting in around 35% saving in cost per square meter of the deck area. Computational time required for optimization of the present problem is only a few seconds. Since constant design parameters have influence on the optimum design, this cost minimization procedure is performed for a range of such parameters.



User's Guide to subroutine EVOP

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